聊聊dubbo的NettyServer

本文主要研究一下dubboNettyServer

AbstractServer

dubbo-2.7.3/dubbo-remoting/dubbo-remoting-api/src/main/java/org/apache/dubbo/remoting/transport/AbstractServer.java

public abstract class AbstractServer extends AbstractEndpoint implements Server {

    protected static final String SERVER_THREAD_POOL_NAME = "DubboServerHandler";
    private static final Logger logger = LoggerFactory.getLogger(AbstractServer.class);
    ExecutorService executor;
    private InetSocketAddress localAddress;
    private InetSocketAddress bindAddress;
    private int accepts;
    private int idleTimeout;

    public AbstractServer(URL url, ChannelHandler handler) throws RemotingException {
        super(url, handler);
        localAddress = getUrl().toInetSocketAddress();

        String bindIp = getUrl().getParameter(Constants.BIND_IP_KEY, getUrl().getHost());
        int bindPort = getUrl().getParameter(Constants.BIND_PORT_KEY, getUrl().getPort());
        if (url.getParameter(ANYHOST_KEY, false) || NetUtils.isInvalidLocalHost(bindIp)) {
            bindIp = ANYHOST_VALUE;
        }
        bindAddress = new InetSocketAddress(bindIp, bindPort);
        this.accepts = url.getParameter(ACCEPTS_KEY, DEFAULT_ACCEPTS);
        this.idleTimeout = url.getParameter(IDLE_TIMEOUT_KEY, DEFAULT_IDLE_TIMEOUT);
        try {
            doOpen();
            if (logger.isInfoEnabled()) {
                logger.info("Start " + getClass().getSimpleName() + " bind " + getBindAddress() + ", export " + getLocalAddress());
            }
        } catch (Throwable t) {
            throw new RemotingException(url.toInetSocketAddress(), null, "Failed to bind " + getClass().getSimpleName()
                    + " on " + getLocalAddress() + ", cause: " + t.getMessage(), t);
        }
        //fixme replace this with better method
        DataStore dataStore = ExtensionLoader.getExtensionLoader(DataStore.class).getDefaultExtension();
        executor = (ExecutorService) dataStore.get(Constants.EXECUTOR_SERVICE_COMPONENT_KEY, Integer.toString(url.getPort()));
    }

    protected abstract void doOpen() throws Throwable;

    protected abstract void doClose() throws Throwable;

    @Override
    public void reset(URL url) {
        if (url == null) {
            return;
        }
        try {
            if (url.hasParameter(ACCEPTS_KEY)) {
                int a = url.getParameter(ACCEPTS_KEY, 0);
                if (a > 0) {
                    this.accepts = a;
                }
            }
        } catch (Throwable t) {
            logger.error(t.getMessage(), t);
        }
        try {
            if (url.hasParameter(IDLE_TIMEOUT_KEY)) {
                int t = url.getParameter(IDLE_TIMEOUT_KEY, 0);
                if (t > 0) {
                    this.idleTimeout = t;
                }
            }
        } catch (Throwable t) {
            logger.error(t.getMessage(), t);
        }
        try {
            if (url.hasParameter(THREADS_KEY)
                    && executor instanceof ThreadPoolExecutor && !executor.isShutdown()) {
                ThreadPoolExecutor threadPoolExecutor = (ThreadPoolExecutor) executor;
                int threads = url.getParameter(THREADS_KEY, 0);
                int max = threadPoolExecutor.getMaximumPoolSize();
                int core = threadPoolExecutor.getCorePoolSize();
                if (threads > 0 && (threads != max || threads != core)) {
                    if (threads < core) {
                        threadPoolExecutor.setCorePoolSize(threads);
                        if (core == max) {
                            threadPoolExecutor.setMaximumPoolSize(threads);
                        }
                    } else {
                        threadPoolExecutor.setMaximumPoolSize(threads);
                        if (core == max) {
                            threadPoolExecutor.setCorePoolSize(threads);
                        }
                    }
                }
            }
        } catch (Throwable t) {
            logger.error(t.getMessage(), t);
        }
        super.setUrl(getUrl().addParameters(url.getParameters()));
    }

    @Override
    public void send(Object message, boolean sent) throws RemotingException {
        Collection channels = getChannels();
        for (Channel channel : channels) {
            if (channel.isConnected()) {
                channel.send(message, sent);
            }
        }
    }

    @Override
    public void close() {
        if (logger.isInfoEnabled()) {
            logger.info("Close " + getClass().getSimpleName() + " bind " + getBindAddress() + ", export " + getLocalAddress());
        }
        ExecutorUtil.shutdownNow(executor, 100);
        try {
            super.close();
        } catch (Throwable e) {
            logger.warn(e.getMessage(), e);
        }
        try {
            doClose();
        } catch (Throwable e) {
            logger.warn(e.getMessage(), e);
        }
    }

    @Override
    public void close(int timeout) {
        ExecutorUtil.gracefulShutdown(executor, timeout);
        close();
    }

    @Override
    public InetSocketAddress getLocalAddress() {
        return localAddress;
    }

    public InetSocketAddress getBindAddress() {
        return bindAddress;
    }

    public int getAccepts() {
        return accepts;
    }

    public int getIdleTimeout() {
        return idleTimeout;
    }

    @Override
    public void connected(Channel ch) throws RemotingException {
        // If the server has entered the shutdown process, reject any new connection
        if (this.isClosing() || this.isClosed()) {
            logger.warn("Close new channel " + ch + ", cause: server is closing or has been closed. For example, receive a new connect request while in shutdown process.");
            ch.close();
            return;
        }

        Collection channels = getChannels();
        if (accepts > 0 && channels.size() > accepts) {
            logger.error("Close channel " + ch + ", cause: The server " + ch.getLocalAddress() + " connections greater than max config " + accepts);
            ch.close();
            return;
        }
        super.connected(ch);
    }

    @Override
    public void disconnected(Channel ch) throws RemotingException {
        Collection channels = getChannels();
        if (channels.isEmpty()) {
            logger.warn("All clients has disconnected from " + ch.getLocalAddress() + ". You can graceful shutdown now.");
        }
        super.disconnected(ch);
    }

}
  • AbstractServer的构造器会从url读取bindAddress、accepts、idleTimeout,然后执行doOpen方法;close方法会关闭executor,执行父类close方法,然后执行doClose方法;connected方法会先判断channels是否超出accepts值,超过则直接close;disconnected则执行父类disconnected方法

NettyServer

dubbo-2.7.3/dubbo-remoting/dubbo-remoting-netty4/src/main/java/org/apache/dubbo/remoting/transport/netty4/NettyServer.java

public class NettyServer extends AbstractServer implements Server {

    private static final Logger logger = LoggerFactory.getLogger(NettyServer.class);
    /**
     * the cache for alive worker channel.
     * <ip:port, dubbo channel>
     */
    private Map channels;
    /**
     * netty server bootstrap.
     */
    private ServerBootstrap bootstrap;
    /**
     * the boss channel that receive connections and dispatch these to worker channel.
     */
    private io.netty.channel.Channel channel;

    private EventLoopGroup bossGroup;
    private EventLoopGroup workerGroup;

    public NettyServer(URL url, ChannelHandler handler) throws RemotingException {
        // you can customize name and type of client thread pool by THREAD_NAME_KEY and THREADPOOL_KEY in CommonConstants.
        // the handler will be warped: MultiMessageHandler->HeartbeatHandler->handler
        super(url, ChannelHandlers.wrap(handler, ExecutorUtil.setThreadName(url, SERVER_THREAD_POOL_NAME)));
    }

    /**
     * Init and start netty server
     *
     * @throws Throwable
     */
    @Override
    protected void doOpen() throws Throwable {
        bootstrap = new ServerBootstrap();

        bossGroup = new NioEventLoopGroup(1, new DefaultThreadFactory("NettyServerBoss", true));
        workerGroup = new NioEventLoopGroup(getUrl().getPositiveParameter(IO_THREADS_KEY, Constants.DEFAULT_IO_THREADS),
                new DefaultThreadFactory("NettyServerWorker", true));

        final NettyServerHandler nettyServerHandler = new NettyServerHandler(getUrl(), this);
        channels = nettyServerHandler.getChannels();

        bootstrap.group(bossGroup, workerGroup)
                .channel(NioServerSocketChannel.class)
                .childOption(ChannelOption.TCP_NODELAY, Boolean.TRUE)
                .childOption(ChannelOption.SO_REUSEADDR, Boolean.TRUE)
                .childOption(ChannelOption.ALLOCATOR, PooledByteBufAllocator.DEFAULT)
                .childHandler(new ChannelInitializer() {
                    @Override
                    protected void initChannel(NioSocketChannel ch) throws Exception {
                        // FIXME: should we use getTimeout()?
                        int idleTimeout = UrlUtils.getIdleTimeout(getUrl());
                        NettyCodecAdapter adapter = new NettyCodecAdapter(getCodec(), getUrl(), NettyServer.this);
                        ch.pipeline()//.addLast("logging",new LoggingHandler(LogLevel.INFO))//for debug
                                .addLast("decoder", adapter.getDecoder())
                                .addLast("encoder", adapter.getEncoder())
                                .addLast("server-idle-handler", new IdleStateHandler(0, 0, idleTimeout, MILLISECONDS))
                                .addLast("handler", nettyServerHandler);
                    }
                });
        // bind
        ChannelFuture channelFuture = bootstrap.bind(getBindAddress());
        channelFuture.syncUninterruptibly();
        channel = channelFuture.channel();

    }

    @Override
    protected void doClose() throws Throwable {
        try {
            if (channel != null) {
                // unbind.
                channel.close();
            }
        } catch (Throwable e) {
            logger.warn(e.getMessage(), e);
        }
        try {
            Collection channels = getChannels();
            if (channels != null && channels.size() > 0) {
                for (org.apache.dubbo.remoting.Channel channel : channels) {
                    try {
                        channel.close();
                    } catch (Throwable e) {
                        logger.warn(e.getMessage(), e);
                    }
                }
            }
        } catch (Throwable e) {
            logger.warn(e.getMessage(), e);
        }
        try {
            if (bootstrap != null) {
                bossGroup.shutdownGracefully();
                workerGroup.shutdownGracefully();
            }
        } catch (Throwable e) {
            logger.warn(e.getMessage(), e);
        }
        try {
            if (channels != null) {
                channels.clear();
            }
        } catch (Throwable e) {
            logger.warn(e.getMessage(), e);
        }
    }

    @Override
    public Collection getChannels() {
        Collection chs = new HashSet();
        for (Channel channel : this.channels.values()) {
            if (channel.isConnected()) {
                chs.add(channel);
            } else {
                channels.remove(NetUtils.toAddressString(channel.getRemoteAddress()));
            }
        }
        return chs;
    }

    @Override
    public Channel getChannel(InetSocketAddress remoteAddress) {
        return channels.get(NetUtils.toAddressString(remoteAddress));
    }

    @Override
    public boolean canHandleIdle() {
        return true;
    }

    @Override
    public boolean isBound() {
        return channel.isActive();
    }

}
  • NettyServer继承了AbstractServer,其实现了doOpen、doClose方法;doOpen方法会创建netty的ServerBootstrap、bossGroup、workerGroup;doClose方法会关闭channel,关闭bossGroup、workerGroup

NettyTransporter

dubbo-2.7.3/dubbo-remoting/dubbo-remoting-netty4/src/main/java/org/apache/dubbo/remoting/transport/netty4/NettyTransporter.java

public class NettyTransporter implements Transporter {

    public static final String NAME = "netty";

    @Override
    public Server bind(URL url, ChannelHandler listener) throws RemotingException {
        return new NettyServer(url, listener);
    }

    @Override
    public Client connect(URL url, ChannelHandler listener) throws RemotingException {
        return new NettyClient(url, listener);
    }

}
  • NettyTransporter实现了Transporter接口,其bind方法创建的是NettyServer

小结

NettyServer继承了AbstractServer,其实现了doOpen、doClose方法;doOpen方法会创建netty的ServerBootstrap、bossGroup、workerGroup;doClose方法会关闭channel,关闭bossGroup、workerGroup

doc

  • NettyServer

原文?

https://segmentfault.com/a/1190000020243805

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